Edison gramophones

Edison gramophones

The following documents from Blue Folder No. Arthur Walsh to Charles Edison October 12, On or about the Edison Industries began to manufacture and sell the disc type of record and from that date to this, as far as I can estimate, it has always been a losing business. Without going too far back into history, I have looked over the financial statements of the past five years. The five years show a loss on account of records, as follows:. At the present time we are making both types.

Edison’s Phonograph

Thomas Alva Edison demonstrates his phonograph and his use of carbon transmitters for the telephone at a meeting of the National Academy of Sciences held at the Smithsonian Building on April , Edison’s phonograph, which he had originally developed as a potential means of recording telephone conversations, had attracted widespread notice since being publicly announced in January. Invited by Smithsonian Secretary and National Academy president Joseph Henry to demonstrate his two inventions to the academy, Edison took advantage of his journey to Washington to exhibit the phonograph to members of Congress and to President Rutherford B.

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Materials in this subseries range in date from to While the Southern California Edison Records are comprised primarily of company records, Series 6​.

Edison, Inc. They were named Diamond Discs because the matching Edison Disc Phonograph was fitted with a permanent conical diamond stylus for playing them. Diamond Discs were incompatible with lateral-groove disc record players, e. Edison had previously made only phonograph cylinders but decided to add a disc format to the product line because of the increasingly dominant market share of the shellac disc records later called 78s because of their typical rotational speed in revolutions per minute made by competitors such as the Victor Talking Machine Company.

Victor and most other makers recorded and played sound by a lateral or side-to-side motion of the stylus in the record groove, while in the Edison system the motion was vertical or up-and-down, known as vertical recording, as used for cylinder records. An Edison Disc Phonograph is distinguished by the diaphragm of the reproducer being parallel to the surface of the record.

The diaphragm of a reproducer used for playing lateral records is at a right angle to the surface. In the late summer and early fall of Edison also briefly produced a high-quality series of thin electrically recorded lateral-cut “Needle Type” disc records for use on standard record players. The record industry began in with some very-small-scale production of professionally recorded wax cylinder records.

At first, costly wet-cell -powered, electric-motor-driven machines were needed to play them, and the customer base consisted solely of entrepreneurs with money-making nickel -in-the-slot phonographs in arcades, taverns, and other public places.

File:Edison Records and Edison Gem Phonograph ad

Both copies use the scarcer takes. A sales genius, Edison was not. This group has flummoxed collectors and discographers for decades. Now, thanks to some first-class sleuthing reported on the grammophon-platten. Based on newspaper clippings from April and June , as displayed on the grammophon-platten site, this group consists of:. Thomas E.

Before there were CD players and tape decks, there was the phonograph. August 12, is the date popularly given for Thomas Edison’s completion of the.

It’s common to place the first successful Edison’s attempt at reproducing the human voice in August 12, , with the famous and lost “Mary Had a Little Lamb” cylinder – though, this date is nowadays quite debated, and it’s believed that in fact it happened quite later that year, on December 12, Nevertheless, Thomas Edison filed a patent for the invention on December 24, issued on February 19, , and then founded the Edison Speaking Phonograph Company on January 24, The phonographs machines this company sold were intended for office dictation.

They worked by playing a groove embossed into a tinfoil cylinder. Note that “none of the few existing tinfoils recordings were successfully transfered to modern media” until In , Volta Laboratories created an improved phonograph, using wax instead of tinfoil and engraving, rather than embossing, the cylinders. They termed the new devices “graphophones”. Volta Graphophone Company was established in January of to manufacture the machines. In May of , Volta Laboratories received a patent for the improved device, and Volta Graphophone Company established the American Gramophone Company to distribute musical phonograph cylinders.

Sales of tinfoils phonographs for dictation had not panned out as hoped, and on October 8, , Thomas Edison reorganized the Edison Speaking Phonograph Company into the Edison Phonograph Company.

CD 1 (78:00)

The technology that made the modern music business possible came into existence in the New Jersey laboratory where Thomas Edison created the first device to both record sound and play it back. He was awarded U. Patent No. In an effort to facilitate the repeated transmission of a single telegraph message, Edison devised a method for capturing a passage of Morse code as a sequence of indentations on a spool of paper.

(application date: August 4, / issue date: January 23, ); #, – Telegraph Recording Instruments (application date: August 18, / issue date:​.

The story of sound recording, and reproduction, began in , when the man of a thousand patents, Thomas Edison, invented the phonograph. In essence, his machine consisted of a sheet of tinfoil wrapped around a cylindrical drum which, when turned by a handle, both rotated and moved laterally. As it moved it passed under a touching metal stylus, attached to one side of a diaphragm. On the other side of the diaphragm was a small mouthpiece into which the operator spoke.

The sound-waves focussed onto the diaphragm caused it to vibrate, which in turn caused the stylus to vary the pressure on the tinfoil. As the drum rotated and moved across the stylus a groove was embossed in the tinfoil consisting of undulations approximating the pressure patterns of the sound-waves. Playback involved placing the stylus at the beginning of the groove made during recording, and winding the cylinder along once again. The undulations in the tinfoil caused the stylus to move in and out, and so the diaphragm to vibrate, which in turn moved the air in the mouthpiece, thus recreating the sound.

But it was a start. Sadly though, Edison, as is often the case with mercurial geniuses, swiftly moved on to other things including the incandescent light bulb. In any case, he really only saw his invention as a form of telephone repeater.

Edison Disc Record

Introduced in early , it proved to be a durable machine with good performance that sold well. As tastes and customer demands changed, the model types changed as well. They were made in great quantities and are often the first choice for entry-level cylinder machine collectors today. The Edison Company discontinued open horn phonographs including the Standard in late In talking with collectors of phonographs, I often find that the Edison Standard was their first cylinder player.

This is hardly a surprise in that Standards are plentiful and still relatively cheap.

The record label was created in in West Orange, NJ, United States by Thomas Alva Edison. Edison Records began with the first commercially viable.

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On the Use of the Edison Phonograph in the Preservation of the Languages of the American Indians

Pipe organ enthusiasts have long been an active component of the record buying public. Among early attempts to meet this interest was the Phonograph Division of Thomas A. Edison, Inc. Edison, the original inventor of the phonograph. This article documents the history of the organ records issued by the Edison Company and the organists who became Edison artists, and updates with additional information and corrections an earlier article written by Dennis E.

Edison disc records and phonographs were not compatible with date of the Edison record supplement in which the recording was first listed.

Descriptive Summary. Administrative Information. Publication Rights. Preferred Citation. Related Materials in the Huntington Library. Historical Note. Scope and Content. Indexing Terms: Added Entries. Personal Names. Geographic Areas.

Edison Records

A note on dating: Ascertaining recording dates for the selections in this compilation is to some extent a matter of speculation. Each wax master disc preserved by the Edison Company was stored in a metal container often together with a slip of paper giving information about the recording see pp. These slips usually contain a date presumed to correspond to the date of recording; the date usually falls within a month or two of other more general documentation in the Edison archive.

Marston would like to extend special gratitude to the Thomas Edison National Historical Park, the National Park Service, and the United States Department of the Interior for conserving and sharing its rare recorded treasures.

How were Edison phonographs made? The first phonograph design used a cylinder with tinfoil sheets wrapped around it to record and play.

In Letters Patent No. Upon this cylinder there is a sheet of foil or similar material, and the same is indented by the action of a point moved by a diaphragm, and this foil forms a phonogram that can be usedto reproduce the original sounds when moved in contact with a point and diaphragm. My present invention relates to improvements upon the phonograph patented as aforesaid, and the features of such improvemeut are hereinafter specially pointed out.

In thedrawings, Figure 1 is an elevation of the phonograph. I is aside view of the diaphragm and the device for moving the same. In my present invention, as in my former patent, the motion of the rccording-sln’face may be derived from clockwork, hand, or other power. The nut l is upon a lever pivoted at 3 and kept in contact by a cam, 4.

When this lever and nut P are lowered the shaft X and cylinder A can b: slipped endwise.

Edison Diamond Disc Copy Wear Test


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